In linguistics, a Hyponym (from Greek hupó, “under” and onomas, “name”) is a word or phrase whose semantic field is included within that of another word, its hyperonym or hypernym (from Greek hupér, “over” and onomas, “name” ) . In simpler terms, a hyponym shares a type-of relationship with its hypernym. For example, pigeon, crow, eagle and seagull are all hyponyms of bird (their hypernym); which, in turn, is a hyponym of animal.

 

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